The modern understanding of pain is promising, but also understands itself improperly. Not only is the modern approach impossible, but, even if it were possible, it would be undesirable. The greatest critics of Enlightenment echo the reservations put forward by Christian thinkers in this respect. This criticism of Enlightenment aspirations further exposes an embarrassing lacuna in modern thinking: it cannot explain the origin of our problem with pain. Such a question opens the door to a more sympathetic Christian understanding of the world.