Lia C. Howard is a Visiting Assistant Professor of Political Science at Saint Joseph’s University. She is a Resident Senior Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania’s Program for Research on Religion and Urban Civil Society and a Fox Alumni Research and Service Fellow at the Robert A. Fox Leadership Program at Penn. Previously, Howard taught political science in the College of General Studies and was a Critical Writing Fellow at the University of Pennsylvania. A Penn alumna (Ph.D./political science), she is currently working on a book that studies the history of Compulsory Schooling Laws as they relate to American political culture. Dr. Howard is also developing a program addressing radical partisanship. Her other teaching and research areas include American Politics, Urban Politics, Public Policy, Public Education, and Women in Politics. Lia’s husband, Rev. Dr. Charles Howard, is the University Chaplain at Penn.