Dr. Charmaine Royal is an associate research professor at the Institute for Genome Sciences & Policy and the Department of African and African American Studies at Duke University. She received graduate degrees in Genetic Counseling and Human Genetics from Howard University and completed postgraduate training in Bioethics at the National Institutes of Health. Prior to joining the Duke faculty in 2007, Dr. Royal was director of the GenEthics Unit in the National Human Genome Center at Howard University. Dr. Royal's research and scholarship focus primarily on issues at the intersection of genetics/genomics and concepts of race, ancestry, ethnicity and identity. Her specific interests include: use of race, ethnicity and ancestry in research and clinical practice; gene-environment interactions in health and health disparities; genetic and genomic ancestry inference; involvement of historically marginalized and underrepresented groups in genetic and genomic research; and genomics and global health. She has taught, presented, published and received funding in these and related areas. Dr. Royal serves on several national and international professional committees and boards including: ELSI and Samples Working Group, 1000 Genomes Project; Chair, Social Issues Committee, American Society of Human Genetics; Bioethics Advisory Committee, March of Dimes Foundation; Editorial Board, The American Journal of Bioethics; Board of Directors, Public Responsibility in Medicine and Research (PRIM&R); Ethics Committee, African Society of Human Genetics; Medical Genetics Working Group, National Center for Biotechnology Information, NIH; and Steering Committee, Registry and Surveillance System for Hemoglobinopathies (RuSH), Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. In 2009, she received the Greenwall Faculty Scholars Award in Bioethics.